Adj. corrosion, fatigue, brittle

It is well established that microstructure is an important factor in determining the corrosion behaviour of aluminium alloys. (W 133) (1)

Corrosion behaviour = Conduta corrosiva


Full size endurance testing is required to give a more complete understanding of the corrosion fatigue behaviour of girth welds in candidate stainless steels for riser applications (W 103) (2)

Fatigue behaviour = Conduta fatigante


For this paper, there was a need to generate equivalent data looking at notch acuity for SENT specimens, both for ductile and brittle behaviour. (W 17) (3)

Brittle behaviour = Conduta frágil


(1) Friction stir welding of aluminium alloys

P L Threadgill1, A J Leonard2, H R Shercliff3 and P J Withers*4

1TWI, Granta Park, Great Abington CB21 6AL, UK

2BP International, Compass Point, 79-87 Kingston Rd, Staines, Middx TW18 1DY, UK

3Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK

4School of Materials, University of Manchester, Grosvenor Street, Manchester M1 7HS, UK. Paper presented at International Materials Reviews, vol.54. no.2. March 2009. pp. 49-93.


(2) Fatigue performance of riser girth welds for deep-water applications

by Amir Bahrami

Paper presented at Deep Water Technology Conference, Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Asia, 26-27 Oct. 2009.


(3) The Effect of Notch Sharpness on the Fracture Toughness Determined from SENT Specimens

Philippa Moore 

TWI Ltd, Granta Park Great Abington, Cambridge, CB21 6AL, UK 

Paper presented at Proceedings of the ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE 2014 June 8-13, 2014, San Francisco, California, USA.



Adj. adhesive, diffusion, fusion

The three techniques that are currently commonly used to join composite materials to metals are adhesive bonding, mechanical fastening and a combination of the two. (W 241) (1)

Adhesive bonding = Colagem adesiva


Titanium is the easiest of all common engineering materials to join by diffusion bonding, due to its ability to dissolve its own oxide at bonding temperatures. (W 545) (2)

Diffusion bonding = Colagem por difusão


Of the numerous fusion bonding techniques available, three in particular have been the subject of many research studies as they are considered most suitable for industrial applications; induction, resistive implant and ultrasonic. (W 20) (3)

Fusion bonding = Colagem por fusão


(1) Energy absorbing joints between fibre reinforced plastics and metals

Faye Smith

Paper presented at Joining Plastics 2006, London, National Physical Laboratory (NPL), 25-26 April 2006.


(2) The potential for solid state welding of titanium pipe in offshore industries

Philip L Threadgill

Paper presented at Symposium on the Right Use of Titanium, Stavanger, Norway, 4 – 5 November 1997.


(3) Novel Induction Heating Technique for Joining of Carbon Fibre Composites

Chris Worrall and Roger Wise 

TWI Ltd, Granta Park Great Abington, Cambridge, CB21 6AL, UK

Paper presented at SEICO 14: 35th International Technical Conference & Forum “Low Cost Composite Processing, from Aerospace OOA to Automotive Thermoplastic”, 2014.



Adj. fusion, grain, displacement

High angular misorientation is observed between planar zones and neighbouring dendritic regions. Elongated grains, perpendicular to the fusion boundary, indicated grain growth towards the centre of the weld pool, during solidification. (W 18) (1)

Fusion boundary = Limite de fusão


In almost all fractured specimens, a unique cleavage origin at a grain boundary could be traced, confirming the validity of the weakest-link assumption. (W 300) (2)

Grain boundary = Borda do grão


Finite element analyses have been carried out to obtain static elastic stress intensity factors for the initial and arrested crack under constant load and constant displacement boundary conditions. (W 382) (3)

Displacement boundary = Limite de deslocamento


(1) Fusion Zone Microstructure Associated With Embrittlement Of Subsea Dissimilar Joints

M. F. Dodge, H. B. Dong 

Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK

M. F. Gittos, T. Mobberley 

TWI Ltd. Great Abington, Cambridge, UK

Presented at Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2014 June 8-13, 2014, San Francisco, CA, USA.


(2) A new statistical local criterion for cleavage fracture in steel. Part II – Application to an offshore structural steel

S. R. Bordet a , A. D. Karstensen a , D. M. Knowles b , C. S. Wiesner a ,*

a TWI, Granta Park, Great Abington, Cambridge, CB1 6AL, U.K. 

b Gracefield Research Centre, Gracefield Road, PO Box 31-310, Lower Hutt 6009, New Zealand

Paper published in Engineering Fracture Mechanics vol.72. issue 3. February 2005. pp.453 – 474

View part 1.


(3) Analysis of crack arrest event in NESC-1 spinning cylinder experiment

W Xu, J B Wintle, C S Wiesner and D G Turner+

Paper published in International Journal of Pressure Vessels & Piping, Volume 79, Issue 11, November 2002, pp. 777-787. by Elsevier

+ Current address: MBDA (UK) Ltd, Six Hills Way, Stevenage, UK.